What You Must Know about Genome Sequencing

What You Must Know about Genome Sequencing
February 23, 2019 Simon Morris
Simon Morris
In Lifestyle, News

Did you know that genome sequencing is accompanying new things in the field of medicine, providing clinically applicable data about your family’s health and wellbeing? With the advancement of medical science, health professionals and scientists can look for gene variations to figure out whether one is at risk to contract some disease or a genetic disorder. And that too even before the symptoms manifest in patients. According to an article published on https://www.huffingtonpost.com, an increasing number of laboratories are providing genome sequencing for people who look apparently healthy. The process covers a wide range of genes or an individual’s complete exome or genome, and it is available for those persons who have no medical condition. Read on to learn more about genome sequencing and its benefits.

Genome sequencing test

Did you know that humans have more than 22,000 genes and approximately 600 of these are related to inherited diseases? With genome sequencing, medical experts take into account multiple variables to figure out the risks associated with diseases or the best treatment options to treat those conditions.

When it comes to DNA changes in several genes, they work in tandem to resultin some disease. A suitable example in this regard is the multi-factorial disorders in patients plagued with diabetes. On the other hand, mutations in one gene may lead to single-gene disorders, especially muscular dystrophy. Medical professionals or scientists working on genome sequencing try to figure out the flow of information in a cell proceeds in what sequence. As far as a pharmacogenomic profile is concerned, it employs an individual’s genetic map to determine how that person will react to some medication or some specific treatment.

Analytical findings

The scientists when sequencing a person’s whole genome can take an all-inclusive look at his or her DNA for mutations, which are pathogenic variants. It also helps in determining the tendency to certain ailments. It happens when you know you run the risk of developing a genetic disease such as cardiovascular conditions, autism spectrum disorder, or breast cancer. When you understand that you may develop a hereditary disease, you and your doctor can take the right measures to stay healthy with early medical involvement and a tailored approach to treatment like genome sequencing.

Pharmacogenetic variants

When it comes to pharmacogenetic variants, they are DNA changes that may not develop any ailment but may be associated with how the human body processes some medications, especially anticoagulants. For instance, you may know how well you respond to medicines like Warfarin that is frequently used to prevent strokes or heart attacks. You also know how you respond to Citalopram, a drug used to treat depression. Now, these things may not seem important now when you are not taking these medications. However, they may prove useful in the future when you may need to take these drugs prescribed by a physician.

Conclusion

Now that you know about genome sequencing, you and your doctor can make certain health-related decisions and prepare to opt for the best treatment. Therefore, choose the best healthcare options to battle diseases.

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